In this digital age, the phenomena of hacking is no longer a strange phenomenon. It is an attempt to access or control a computer network system for a certain purpose, whether for good or bad. Hacker is a person with high skills in computer and performs hacking. In mainstream media, hackers are frequently stereotyped as a negative connotation – cyber crimes. In fact, there are 3 types of hackers: black hat, white hat and grey hat. Black-hat hackers are criminals of the online world who violate computer security for personal benefit; white hats are ethical hackers who work to protect systems; grey hats look for security holes and report them to the owner. The question arises here: What evaluates and categorize these hackers?
The most famous (and infamous) hacking organization on the Internet at the moment is Anonymous – an associated international network of hacktivists. They are known for attacking websites of governments and many corporations around the world. Many people consider them to be outlaws, but are they?
In fact, there have been many times when these vigilantes play hero and bust the bad guys. Evidently, they fought for LGBT rights in Uganda, closed down child pornography websites and recently Anonymous hacktivists launch ‘Biggest operation ever’ against ISIS.
The boundary between a good and bad hacker is quite blurry when it comes to ethical values. And you, what values do you think determine a good and a bad hacker?
AJ+ 2015, Anonymous Declares War On ISIS After Paris Attack, online video, 16 November, viewed 4 October 2017, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5UjIqwf9fyk>.
Ruesink, M 2017, ‘Types of Hackers: White Hat vs. Black Hat & Every Shade in Between’, Rasmussen College, 22 February, viewed 4 October 2017, <http://www.rasmussen.edu/degrees/technology/blog/types-of-hackers/>.
Shackleton, E 2015, ‘6 times Anonymous acted for good’, Metro, 18 November, viewed 4 October 2017, <http://metro.co.uk/2015/11/18/6-times-anonymous-acted-for-good-5510026/>.